Title: Modification of aviation gasoline with aliphatic alcohols additives: an analytical review of prospects
Authors: Sergii Boichenko; Kazimierz Lejda; Olesya Lychmanenko; Mariya Boichenko; Volodymyr Reshetilowski
Addresses: Ecology Department, National Aviation University, Ukraine ' Department of Automotive Vehicles and Internal Combustion Engines, The Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland ' Ecology Department, National Aviation University, Ukraine ' Biotechnology Department, National Aviation University, Ukraine ' Institute of Technical Chemistry, Dresden University of Technology, Germany
Abstract: The paper presents the results of analysis of the regulations of the traditional aviation fuels quality. The content of antiknock additives in these fuels has been established in the investigated fuels. The influence of aliphatic alcohols on operational, physical and chemical and environmental properties of traditional petroleum aviation fuels has been studied. The research has also investigated the use of ethyl, methyl and butyl alcohols in motor-car fuel systems in the composition of complex and pure alternative fuels in aviation. It has been confirmed that addition of aliphatic alcohols to traditional aviation fuels enables reduction of harmful emissions in the upper layers of the atmosphere. Alcohol-containing petrol is being enriched with oxygen, which enables more complete combustion of fuel and lessens emissions of carbon oxides.
Keywords: aviation fuel; oxygenates; aviation gasoline; aviation petroleum; aliphatic alcohol additives; bioethanol; biomethanol; biobutanol; antiknock additives; biofuels; alternative fuels; emissions reduction; harmful emissions; enviromental sustainability; sustainable aviation; carbon emissions; aircraft emissions.
International Journal of Sustainable Aviation, 2015 Vol.1 No.4, pp.324 - 332
Received: 18 May 2015
Accepted: 16 Jul 2015
Published online: 16 Feb 2016 *