Title: Mathematical design and analysis of anti-lock brake system for electric vehicle based on brake-by-wire technology

Authors: Ameer Sider; Adel Amiri; Mohd Khair Hassan; Mohd Amran Mohd Radzi; Siti Fauziah Toha

Addresses: Faculty of Engineering, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Faculty of Engineering, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Faculty of Engineering, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Faculty of Engineering, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Department of Mechatronics Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, 53100 Jalan Gombak, Malaysia

Abstract: The current study presents the derivation of mathematical modelling of anti-lock brake system solely from brake-by-wire perspective. The study also proposes permanent magnet DC (PMDC) motor to perform suitable braking action which is selected based on predetermined electric actuator characteristics. The brake system and electric motor specifications are then designed, taking into consideration maximum magnitude of electric vehicle power supply. In addition to that, a study case based on proportional integral derivative (PID) controller is carried out to further examine performance behaviour of the proposed mathematical model and the validity of computational specifications for brake system design as well as the PMDC motor. Simulation analysis and investigation which are conducted in MATLAB software revealed efficient operating brake system that leads to obtain desired control signal successfully with outstanding performance. Furthermore, the result output behaviour of the plant mimics predetermined brake system analysis which ensures the validity of the proposed mathematical design.

Keywords: brake-by-wire; ABS design; anti-lock braking systems; electric vehicles; quarter car models; PMDC motors; PID controllers; power supply; vehicle braking; simulation; mathematical modelling; permanent magnet DC motors; electric actuators.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEHV.2015.074668

International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, 2015 Vol.7 No.4, pp.303 - 322

Available online: 11 Feb 2016 *

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