Authors: Keya Sengupta
Addresses: Indian Institute of Management, Mayurbhanj Campus, Nongthamai Shillong-793014, India
Abstract: One of the main factors behind infant and child mortality globally is diarrheal death along with other water related diseases. The problem is more acute in the less developed nations, and India is a nation with one of the highest incidence of such deaths despite its high economic growth. The present study with the help of econometric models has therefore examined the impact of safe drinking water on infant and child mortality. The findings reveal that safe drinking water can favourably impact infant and child mortality only when the mother is educated, which is actually the single most important determinant factor of infant and child mortality. Poverty level of the families and per capita health expenditure also influences to a certain extent the effectiveness of the use of safe drinking water and its impact on health. The study concludes with the important role which the use of safe drinking water can have on long term economic development of a nation, which is extremely crucial for all newly developed emerging nations including India. Investment in water therefore should be considered as new paradigm for development models.
Keywords: water quality; infant mortality; child mortality; female education; poverty levels; health expenditure; economic development; sustainability; sustainable development; diarrhea; econometrics; safe drinking water; India; health hazards; waterborne diseases; investment; developing countries.
African Journal of Economic and Sustainable Development, 2016 Vol.5 No.1, pp.66 - 101
Received: 08 Jun 2015
Accepted: 08 Jun 2015
Published online: 30 Jan 2016 *