Title: An implicit enumeration algorithm for mining high dimensional data

Authors: Xinli Bao, Hamparsum Bozdogan, Vuttichai Chatpattananan, Kenneth Gilbert

Addresses: Statistical Analyst, Communications Data Services, Inc., Des Moines, IA, USA. ' Department of Statistics, Operations, and Management Science, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-0532, USA. ' Department of Statistics, Operations, and Management Science, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-0532, USA. ' Department of Statistics, Operations, and Management Science, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-0532, USA

Abstract: Model selection is an important problem in mining information from large data bases. For example, in selecting a regression model, there may be J independent variables from which to choose, giving 2J feasible possible combinations of models from which to choose. Information criteria such as Akaike|s (1973) Information Criterion (AIC) and Bozdogan|s (1988, 1990, 1994, 2000, 2004) Information Measure of Complexity (ICOMP) Criterion, provide a method defining the |best| solution, by providing an estimate of the measure of difference between a given model and the true model. In this paper, we introduce a new exact implicit enumeration (IE) algorithm to identify the subset of variables that minimises the information criterion. The IE algorithm uses efficient bounding strategies for the nonlinear objective function of the model selection problem. In computational tests, the IE algorithm outperforms the existing exact algorithms from the literature. The IE algorithm also has the advantage of being the only exact algorithm that can be used with all of the existing information criteria, including ICOMP. ICOMP has the advantage that it explicitly takes into account the effect of the covariance of the variables on parameter estimation in the model selection process and that it makes also no assumption that the parameter estimates are unbiased.

Keywords: implicit enumeration algorithm; Akaike|s Information Criterion; AIC; Bozdogan|s Information Measure of Complexity; ICOMP criterion; data mining; high dimensional data; model selection; bounding strategies; nonlinear objective function; parameter estimation; large databases.

DOI: 10.1504/IJOR.2005.007437

International Journal of Operational Research, 2005 Vol.1 No.1/2, pp.123 - 144

Published online: 20 Jul 2005 *

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