Title: Loss and damage from typhoon-induced floods and landslides in the Philippines: community perceptions on climate impacts and adaptation options

Authors: Lilibeth A. Acosta; Elena A. Eugenio; Paula Beatrice M. Macandog; Damasa B. Magcale-Macandog; Elaine Kuan-Hui Lin; Edwin R. Abucay; Alfi Lorenz Cura; Mary Grace Primavera

Addresses: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Telegraphenberg A62, 14473 Potsdam, Germany; School of Environmental Science and Management, University of the Philippines in Los Banos (UPLB), Philippines ' School of Environmental Science and Management, Institute of Biological Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines in Los Banos, Philippines ' Institute of Biological Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines in Los Banos, Philippines ' Institute of Biological Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines in Los Banos, Philippines ' George Perkins Marsh Institute, Clark University, USA; Center for Sustainability Science, Academia Sinica, Taiwan ' Department of Community and Environmental Resource Planning, College of Human Ecology, University of the Philippines in Los Banos, Philippines ' Department of Community and Environmental Resource Planning, College of Human Ecology, University of the Philippines in Los Banos, Philippines ' Institute of Biological Sciences (IBS), College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines in Los Banos, Philippines

Abstract: Loss and damage from floods and landslides are escalating in the Philippines due to increasing frequency and intensity of typhoons. This paper investigates the types and scale of loss and damage in two municipalities that were affected by typhoon-induced floods and landslides in 2004 and 2012. It assesses people's preferences on adaptation measures and perceptions on human-nature links on occurrence of disasters. It reveals that human loss and property damage are causing psychological distress to affected people, undermining capacity to adapt to the next disasters. Many vulnerable people are not aware of the link between climate and land use change. Moreover, many depend on unsustainable land use for source of livelihoods particularly after disasters. The preference for measures to reduce landslide risks through reforestation and logging/mining prevention is thus low. Insurance is not a preferred mechanism for reducing risks because regular payment of premium is not affordable to vulnerable people.

Keywords: adaptation options; adaptive capacity; climate change; land use change; conjoint analysis; natural disasters; floods; landslides; Haiyan; human loss; property damage; psychological distress; mitigation; Philippines; risk reduction; typhoons; community perceptions; landslide risks; reforestation; logging prevention; mining prevention; insurance.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGW.2016.074307

International Journal of Global Warming, 2016 Vol.9 No.1, pp.33 - 65

Received: 01 Mar 2014
Accepted: 28 May 2014

Published online: 18 Jan 2016 *

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