Title: Nutrition insecurity for women in the marginal agro-ecosystems of the Indian Himalayas

Authors: Mary Ipe; Sejuti Basu

Addresses: Pragya, 83, Sector 44 Institutional Area, Gurgaon 122003, India ' Pragya, 83, Sector 44 Institutional Area, Gurgaon 122003, India

Abstract: Poverty and adverse societal norms have deprived a majority of women in India of their basic rights, including those of access to adequate and nutritive food. Women in the Himalayas suffer a low social and economic status and a very high load of physical work requirement of households. They play a key role with respect to food production, being the main farmhands on their family farms, and managing household nutrition and diet. This paper presents the findings of a participative study in the Indian Himalayas on the nutrition status of households, with a special focus on women. The study reveals chronic calorie deficit and nutritionally poor diet, suffered by women and adolescent girls in the Himalayas. Interventions to address the issue included various small agricultural initiatives for women to improve production of nutritive food crops, and to enhance land and crop productivity and thereby increase food production and farm revenues.

Keywords: women; food security; nutrition management; agricultural initiatives; India; Himalayas; adolescent girls; calorific deficiency; micro-nutrient deficiencies; marginal farmers; poor diet; female diet; poverty; nutritive crops; land productivity; crop productivity; gender.

DOI: 10.1504/IJARGE.2015.074092

International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology, 2015 Vol.11 No.3/4, pp.280 - 310

Received: 12 Jun 2014
Accepted: 19 May 2015

Published online: 07 Jan 2016 *

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