Authors: Alaa Tharwat; Tarek Gaber; Aboul Ella Hassanien
Addresses: Faculty of Engineering, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt; Electrical Department, Faculty of Engineering, Suez Canal University, 4.5 Km the Ring Road, Ismailia, 41522, Egypt ' Faculty of Computers and Informatics, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt; Computer Science Department, Faculty of Computers Informatics, Suez Canal University, 4.5 Km the Ring Road, Ismailia, 41522, Egypt ' Faculty of Computers and Information, Cairo University, Ismailia, Egypt; Information Technology Department, University Faculty of Computers and Information, 5 Ahmed Zewal St., Orman, Giza, Egypt
Abstract: According to FAO organisation, by 2050 annual meat production should be risen by over 200 M tonnes to reach 470 M tones as the world population will reach 9.1 billion (34% higher than today). So, there is a need for controlling safety policies of animals and efficient management of food production. One way to help achieve this need is the automatic animal identification/identification and traceability systems. In this paper, two biometric models are proposed for cattle identification based on features and classifiers fusion using Gabor feature extraction technique and the notion of features and classifiers fusion. Gabor features are extracted from three different scales of muzzle print images. Two different levels of fusion are then used, i.e., feature fusion and classifier fusion, to accurately identify animal individuals using three different classifiers (support vector machine - SVM, k-nearest neighbour, and minimum distance classifier). The experimental results show that, the proposed two approaches are robust and accurate in comparing them with the existed works as the proposed approaches achieve 99.5% identification accuracy. In addition, the results prove that the features fusion-based mode achieved accuracy better than the classifier fusion-based model.
Keywords: cattle identification; feature extraction; support vector machines; SVM; Gabor features; Gabor filter; muzzle print images; feature fusion; classifier fusion; linear discriminant analysis; LDA; k-NN; k-nearest neighbour; minimum distance classifier; biometrics.
International Journal of Image Mining, 2015 Vol.1 No.4, pp.342 - 365
Received: 03 Mar 2015
Accepted: 11 Jun 2015
Published online: 29 Dec 2015 *