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Title: Industrial symbiosis as sustainable development strategy: adding a change perspective

Authors: Veerle Verguts; Joost Dessein; Art Dewulf; Ludwig Lauwers; Renate Werkman; Catrien J.A.M. Termeer

Addresses: Social Sciences Unit, Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research (ILVO), Burg. Van Gansberghelaan 115 box 2, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium ' Social Sciences Unit, Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research (ILVO), Burg. Van Gansberghelaan 115 box 2, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium; Department of Agricultural Economics, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium ' Public Administration and Policy Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, P.O. Box 8130, 6700EW Wageningen, The Netherlands ' Social Sciences Unit, Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research (ILVO), Burg. Van Gansberghelaan 115 box 2, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium; Department of Agricultural Economics, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium ' Public Administration and Policy Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, P.O. Box 8130, 6700EW Wageningen, The Netherlands; Network for Research and Advice, Commissarislaan 50, 8016LB Zwolle, The Netherlands ' Public Administration and Policy Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, P.O. Box 8130, 6700EW Wageningen, The Netherlands

Abstract: Industrial symbiosis (IS) is the coordination of energy and material flows among geographically proximate firms to increase economic performance while reducing environmental impact. Although IS is gaining popularity as a sustainability strategy, implementation is proving difficult. In an attempt to understand these roadblocks to implementation, we analyse the development and realisation of IS systems as complex change processes. Based on insights from organisational change literature we introduce the dual-perspective framework as an additional way to look at these IS change processes. Our framework combines two different but complementary perspectives to analyse IS: episodic change, meaning occasional and radical change driven by exogenous factors or interventions; and continuous change, meaning ongoing changes resulting from constant micro-adaptations. By adding insights on the nature of change, this framework extends the analytical reach and identifies situation-adapted intervention strategies. The framework is applied to a case of Flemish (Belgian) eco-industrial greenhouse park development.

Keywords: industrial symbiosis; sustainable development; eco-industrial development; episodic change; continuous change; intervention strategies; change process; industrial ecology; sustainability; greenhouse parks; dual-perspective framework; complex change; Belgium; eco-industrial parks.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSD.2016.073650

International Journal of Sustainable Development, 2016 Vol.19 No.1, pp.15 - 35

Available online: 15 Dec 2015 *

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