Authors: Prasad S. Onkar; Dibakar Sen
Addresses: Centre for Product Design and Manufacturing, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-560012, India ' Centre for Product Design and Manufacturing, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-560012, India
Abstract: Present work concerns intuitive generation of 3D sketches with intrinsic support for space constraints and articulation for multi-component product conceptualisation. The issues of lack of precision, stability and control in direct creation of 3D strokes in air, arising out of inadequacy of the proprioceptive feedback alone, are mitigated in this work with inclusion of stereoscopic display and haptics. Investigations based on paper-pencil analogy for haptic rendering revealed that pen-tilt-based method is more effective. For spatial conformity, surface and volumetric constraints have been studied using the novel reactive and field-based haptic rendering schemes. Methodologies for automatic perceptual grouping of strokes enabled interactive exploration of motion in articulated 3D concept sketches. Experiments with designers using the proposed 3D sketching system established that modelling of constraints is the central issue in 3D sketching. For more immersive experience, eye-movement coordinated realistic stereo-rendering and advanced interfaces for large-scale design scenarios are being pursued.
Keywords: 3D sketching; conceptual design; early design support; haptic constraints; motion annotation; product conceptualisation; product design; stereoscopic display; haptics; haptic rendering; pen tilt; modelling; proprioceptive feedback.
International Journal of Computer Aided Engineering and Technology, 2016 Vol.8 No.1/2, pp.33 - 55
Published online: 18 Nov 2015 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article