Title: An integrated methodology of FTA and fuzzy AHP for risk assessment in green supply chain

Authors: Sachin Kumar Mangla; Pradeep Kumar; Mukesh Kumar Barua

Addresses: Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttrakhand, 247667, India ' Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttrakhand, 247667, India ' Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttrakhand, 247667, India

Abstract: This study proposes an integrated methodology of fault-tree analysis (FTA) and the fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (AHP) approach, which provide means to integrate the qualitative and quantitative information to the group decision-making process for analysing green supply chain risks under the fuzzy surroundings. In the proposed methodology, initially, a fault tree diagram is constructed, which includes the probable criteria, and sub-criteria of the green supply chain risks, and later, using the fuzzy AHP approach, these criteria and sub-criteria were prioritised for risk assessment. A total eight risk criteria and 30 sub-criteria were identified based on relevant literature and the experts' input. The research findings illustrates that the product recovery risks and process risks criteria possess highest priority and need considerable managerial responsiveness for reducing the green supply chain susceptibility and hence performance improvement. Further, a plastic manufacturer green supply chain example is resented to show the application of the study.

Keywords: green supply chains; GSC; GSCM; green SCM; supply chain management; fault-tree analysis; FTA; fuzzy AHP; FAHP; analytical hierarchy process; risk assessment; group decision making; supply chain risks; product recovery; process risks; plastics manufacturing; plastics supply chains.

DOI: 10.1504/IJOR.2016.073252

International Journal of Operational Research, 2016 Vol.25 No.1, pp.77 - 99

Received: 02 Dec 2013
Accepted: 21 Dec 2013

Published online: 28 Oct 2015 *

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