Title: Characterisation of abrasive tools active surface after the impregnation process by modified ARS method based on imaging and analysis of the scattered light

Authors: Wojciech Kapłonek; Krzysztof Nadolny; Michał Wojtewicz; Walery Sienicki

Addresses: Subject Group of Metrology and Quality, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Koszalin University of Technology, Racławicka 15-17, 75-620 Koszalin, Poland ' Department of Production Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Koszalin University of Technology, Racławicka 15-17, 75-620 Koszalin, Poland ' Subject Group of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Koszalin University of Technology, Racławicka 15-17, 75-620 Koszalin, Poland ' Subject Group of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Koszalin University of Technology, Racławicka 15-17, 75-620 Koszalin, Poland

Abstract: Smearing of the GWAS is a serious problem in high-efficiency material removal machining processes. One of the actions that allow a reduction of this effect is the introduction of an impregnate into the structure of abrasive tools. This work presents the application of light scattering method combined with image processing and analysis techniques used for assessment of grinding wheels 1 35 × 10 × 10 SG/F46 G10VTO impregnated by non-metallic elements after the grinding of Titanium Grade 2® alloy. Assessment of the GWAS consisted of the acquisition of scattered light images and their analysis by Image Pro®-Plus 5.1 and ImageJ 1.47 software. The realised observations of the GWAS after machining showed that impregnation had considerable influence on the intensity and course of smearing of abrasive tools. The element that has the best influence on the level of smearing on the GWAS was the graphite, followed by amorphous carbon and sulphur.

Keywords: abrasive tools; hard-to-cut materials; impregnation process; optical methods; laser scatterometry; image processing; image analysis; light scattering; grinding wheels; titanium alloys; tool smearing; graphite; amorphous carbon; sulphur; angle-resolved scattering; ARS; grinding wheel active surface; GWAS.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMMM.2015.073149

International Journal of Machining and Machinability of Materials, 2015 Vol.17 No.5, pp.397 - 417

Available online: 20 Nov 2015 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article