Authors: Nigel N. Clark; David L. McKain; Constance Hart
Addresses: Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia University, PO Box 6106, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA ' Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia University, PO Box 6106, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA ' Office of Transportation and Air Quality, United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2000 Traverwood, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Abstract: Gaseous emissions usually are available on a continuous basis from diesel vehicle emissions testing, but particulate matter (PM) emissions are usually only available as a single mass number over a test cycle. Continuous PM emissions are valuable for conformity and hot-spot analyses to support roadway project design and to determine the engine-out PM for after treatment retrofit projects. For diesel vehicles without particulate filters one may argue that carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions may be correlated with the elemental carbon and organic carbon fractions in their exhaust. Methodologies for predicting instantaneous PM production rate from heavy-duty diesel vehicles were developed. These methodologies used combinations of instantaneous and idle carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon production rates with integrated PM production to predict instantaneous PM production rates for each specific vehicle. Comparison of results produced by these methodologies with measured PM productions rates is presented. Apportioning total PM mass over a period of vehicle activity using gaseous emissions is shown to be reliable.
Keywords: diesel particulate emissions; heavy-duty vehicles; diesel emissions prediction; particulate matter apportionment; heavy vehicles; continuous PM emissions; carbon monoxide; carbon emissions; hydrocarbon emissions.
International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, 2015 Vol.18 No.5/6, pp.400 - 419
Available online: 13 Nov 2015 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article