Authors: M.V. Rama Rao; Rafi L. Muhanna; Robert L. Mullen
Addresses: Department of Civil Engineering, Vasavi College of Engineering, Hyderabad-31, Telangana, India ' Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 31407, USA ' Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, College of Engineering and Computing, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Abstract: In this work, the issue of predicting structural behaviour in the presence of geometric uncertainty arising out of fabrication errors and/or thermal changes in trusses and frames is addressed. Geometric uncertainty is expressed as deviations of actual dimensions of system components from their corresponding nominal dimensions (misfitting) and is expressed in interval form. Such geometric uncertainty is converted into an equivalent nodal load uncertainty. The present work eliminates the element force overestimation resulting in the previous formulation of Muhanna et al. The mixed interval finite element formulation developed earlier by Rama Rao et al. is utilised to obtain sharp bounds to displacements and element forces in the presence of geometric, material and load uncertainties. The present work also computes an exact enclosure to the final system geometry. Results are illustrated in example problems. Dependency due to the presence of geometric uncertainty is eliminated using the M matrix approach developed earlier by Mullen and Muhanna.
Keywords: interval FEM; finite element method; misfitting; plane trusses; plane frames; structural behaviour; geometric uncertainty; fabrication errors; thermal changes; displacement.
International Journal of Reliability and Safety, 2015 Vol.9 No.2/3, pp.132 - 153
Received: 17 Oct 2014
Accepted: 15 Apr 2015
Published online: 26 Oct 2015 *