Authors: Shunji Yoshida, Hajime Yamamoto
Addresses: 66-3, Sannou-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-0002, Japan. ' 2-14-8, Midori-cho, Kita-ku, Kobe 651-1221, Japan
Abstract: This paper aims to evaluate available energy losses, i.e. exergy losses caused by irreversible processes in the theoretical cycle of two-stroke and four-stroke diesel engines. All exergy losses in these cycles have been divided into three categories: exergy loss in the heat receiving process which is inevitable in thermal power systems; exergy loss in the scavenging process peculiar to the turbocharged diesel engine cycle; heat loss dissipated with the exhaust gas and the cooling water. The quantity of each exergy loss was distinctly expressed with the corresponding area in the T-s diagram. The thermal efficiency of the cycle is improved by reducing the exergy losses in each process. Turbocharging is effective not only in increasing power, but also in reducing the exergy loss. The distribution of exergy losses of two-stroke and four-stroke cycles are different to each other.
Keywords: diesel engine cycle; exergy analysis; irreversibility; thermal efficiency; performance improvement; two-stroke diesel engines; four-stroke diesel engines; exergy losses; energy losses; turbocharging.
International Journal of Exergy, 2005 Vol.2 No.3, pp.284 - 298
Published online: 27 Jun 2005 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article