Authors: Pervez Alam; Kafeel Ahmad; Syed Shakeel Afsar; Nasim Akhtar; Yawar Mushtaq Raina
Addresses: Department of Civil Engineering, COET, Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University, Rajouri, 185234, Jammu and Kashmir, India ' Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University), Jamia Nagar, New Delhi 110025, India ' Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University), Jamia Nagar, New Delhi 110025, India ' TTP Division, CRRI, Mathura Road, New Delhi-110020, India ' COET, Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University, Rajouri, 185234, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Abstract: The damage to flyovers caused by increasing traffic in last decade has demonstrated the need to assess the vibration on existing flyovers built before the advent of modern seismic design codes. The present study aims at the measurement of traffic flow and vibration characteristics on five different flyovers in Delhi (NCR). The traffic count was conducted manually; however, vibration characteristics of each flyover have been investigated using tri-axial accelerometer. The vibrations produced in flyovers have been recorded in all directions of space (X, Y, Z). Results show that vibrations produced in Panchsheel flyover have maximum vibration, (110.1 dB, 105.2 dB, and 113.2 dB) in X, Y, Z directions respectively, whereas Chirag Delhi flyover have minimum vibrations in all the three directions, i.e., (74.3 dB, 73.4 dB, 74.5 dB). All four flyovers were coated with bitumen or asphalt and their spans were shorter as well, which helped in resisting vibrational shocks. Besides being too long panchsheel flyover may be due to its girder type construction and having no bituminous or asphalt coating as well as very large span, which helps in resisting the vibrational shocks.
Keywords: flyovers; flyover vibrations; flyover structures; road traffic; velocity; acceleration; permissible limits; India; flyover damage; traffic flow; vibration measurement; road surfaces; bitumen surfaces; asphalt surfaces; flyover spans; vibrational shocks; girder construction.
International Journal of Structural Engineering, 2015 Vol.6 No.4, pp.318 - 331
Received: 08 Feb 2015
Accepted: 17 Mar 2015
Published online: 14 Oct 2015 *