Title: Incorporation of fixed speed wind turbine generators in load flow analysis of distribution systems

Authors: M.H. Haque

Addresses: School of Engineering, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes 5095, Australia

Abstract: Small scale wind farms are increasingly being integrated into distribution systems. This paper proposes a simple model of a fixed speed wind farm and incorporates that model into a standard load flow program of a distribution system. For each wind farm, the proposed model augments the size of the network by two buses that allow including all parameters of the generator. For a given wind speed, the mechanical power of the wind turbine is first determined from manufacturer's supplied data and then it is incorporated into one of the new buses as a negative load. This would allow evaluating the load flow results of the system using any standard load flow program without modifying the source codes of the program. The effectiveness of the proposed method is then evaluated on a simple system as well as on two distribution systems consisting of 33 and 69 buses.

Keywords: distributed generation; load flow analysis; modelling; fixed speed turbines; wind generating systems; wind turbines; wind energy; wind power; small scale wind farms.

DOI: 10.1504/IJRET.2015.072099

International Journal of Renewable Energy Technology, 2015 Vol.6 No.4, pp.317 - 334

Received: 31 Oct 2014
Accepted: 22 Jan 2015

Published online: 28 Jun 2015 *

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