Title: Thermodynamic analysis of PID controlled fluidised bed dryer with parabolic trough collector

Authors: Ali Etem Gürel; İlhan Ceylan; Sezayi Yılmaz

Addresses: Department of Electrical and Energy, Duzce Vocational School, Duzce University, Duzce 81010, Turkey ' Faculty of Technology, Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Karabuk University, Karabuk 78100, Turkey ' Faculty of Technology, Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Karabuk University, Karabuk 78100, Turkey

Abstract: The aim of the current study was to investigate how to use hot water obtained by parabolic trough collector (PTC) in an air handling unit. The system consisted of a PTC, a water depot, a pump, an air handling unit, a fan, and control equipments. The purpose of the system was to maintain the set value without using an additional heater in the air handling unit. During the process, ±0.36°C accuracy was achieved in a 40°C set temperature. Uncertainty analyses were made for the measured temperature value and they were obtained as ±0.44°C. The energy and exergy efficiency were calculated for the system. The heating performance coefficient (HPC) was defined as the ratio of the obtained energy from the system to the compulsory energy supplied to the system. The HPC was calculated as 3 on average. Heat energy of the water in the depot was converted to heat energy of the air in the system with an average 52 % exergy efficiency.

Keywords: drying; exergy efficiency; energy efficiency; PTC; parabolic trough collector; thermodynamic analysis; PID control; fluidised bed dryers; air handling units; heating performance coefficient; hot water.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEX.2015.072057

International Journal of Exergy, 2015 Vol.18 No.1, pp.68 - 83

Available online: 29 Sep 2015 *

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