Title: Long-run effect of international trade on the environment: a Pool Mean Group analysis of ECOWAS countries, 1970-2010
Authors: Yaya Keho
Addresses: Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Statistique et d'Economie Appliquée (ENSEA), Abidjan, 08 BP 03 Abidjan 08, Côte d'Ivoire, France
Abstract: This study employs the Pool Mean Group estimator proposed by Pesaran et al. (1999) to examine the long-run impact of international trade on the environment in a panel of 11 ECOWAS countries over the period 1970-2010. The main findings of the study suggest that international trade contribute to the degradation of the environment. The results for income give support to the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis.
Keywords: CO2; carbon dioxide; carbon emissions; trade openness; pool mean group estimator; ECOWAS countries; international trade; environmental Kuznets curve; environmental impact; environmental degradation; Economic Community of West African States; Africa.
African Journal of Economic and Sustainable Development, 2015 Vol.4 No.3, pp.211 - 217
Received: 16 Apr 2015
Accepted: 17 Apr 2015
Published online: 23 Sep 2015 *