Title: Social entrepreneurship and Islamic philanthropy

Authors: Jasem Almarri; John Meewella

Addresses: Department of Management, Oulu Business School, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4600, 90014, Finland ' Department of Management and International Business, Oulu Business School, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4600, FIN-90014, Finland

Abstract: Social entrepreneurship is an emerging area of research that examines entrepreneurs and organisations that are significantly influenced by social motives instead of being purely economically driven. Academic researchers on this emerging area mainly discuss about social entrepreneurship in Western context where business values are in general moving towards greater attention to social concerns. Today, there is little research on social entrepreneurship in the Islamic context, although a few studies discuss Islamic philanthropy and its influences on the well-being of a society. The different forms of Islamic philanthropy can be expected to have connections to social entrepreneurship. The present study focuses on one key socio-economic institution, zakat, in the Gulf Cooperative Council (GCC) countries, namely the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Kuwait and aims to contrast its historical and modern role, where the former is a form of philanthropy but the latter has a potential linkage to social entrepreneurship. The study aims to contribute to our understanding of social entrepreneurship by bringing new insights on social entrepreneurship in a non-Western context.

Keywords: social entrepreneurship; Islamic philanthropy; zakat; policy making; charities; Gulf Cooperative Council; GCC countries; United Arab Emirates; UAE; Kuwait; Qatar.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBG.2015.071901

International Journal of Business and Globalisation, 2015 Vol.15 No.3, pp.405 - 424

Received: 17 Feb 2015
Accepted: 26 Mar 2015

Published online: 23 Sep 2015 *

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