Authors: Georgios Stylianou
Addresses: Department of Computer Science, European University Cyprus, 6 Diogenes Str. Engomi, Nicosia, Cyprus
Abstract: Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN) is a topic of research and industrial interest. Towards the direction of indoor positioning there are two main alternatives: absolute and relative. Absolute positioning requires infrastructure whereas relative positioning is based on dead reckoning and does not require any infrastructure. In this paper we perform a review of the last ten years of research for relative indoor positioning and navigation. We provide the four building blocks of an IPIN system, generate a taxonomy of methods for indoor positioning, examine the current trends, provide a discussion by analysing strengths, weaknesses and gaps of the state of the art and propose future research directions.
Keywords: indoor positioning; indoor navigation; dead reckoning; sensors; indoor spatial tracking; relative positioning; literature review; navigable indoor maps; indoor mapping.
International Journal of Wireless and Mobile Computing, 2015 Vol.9 No.1, pp.8 - 26
Received: 16 Jun 2014
Accepted: 04 Feb 2015
Published online: 14 Sep 2015 *