Authors: Farrokh Nadim; Young-Jae Choi; Suzanne Lacasse; Zhongqiang Liu
Addresses: Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI), P.O. Box 3930 Ullevaal Stadion, N-0806, Oslo, Norway ' NGI Houston, 2000 S. Dairy Ashford Suite #322, Houston, Texas, 77494, USA ' Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI), P.O. Box 3930 Ullevaal Stadion, N-0806, Oslo, Norway ' Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI), P.O. Box 3930 Ullevaal Stadion, N-0806, Oslo, Norway
Abstract: The foundation of an offshore installation is designed to resist the static and dynamic loads it is subjected to during its lifetime. The design codes specify combinations of load factor on the static load, load factor on the dynamic load, and resistance factor on the soil resistance, with reference to the 'characteristic' loads acting on the foundation and the 'characteristic' foundation capacity. In principle, the designer aims at achieving a target annual failure probability. Whether or not the load and resistance factors specified in the design codes actually achieve a target annual probability of failure depends on the type of installation, the load characteristics, the soil characteristics, the analysis method(s) and the relative importance of static and dynamic loads. The paper calculates the load and resistance factors required for a target annual failure probability of 1 × 10−4. The calculated load and resistance factors are then compared with the values required by three offshore design guidelines and codes: API LRFD (2003), ISO 19902 (2007) and NORSOK (2004).
Keywords: reliability-based design; offshore foundation design; load factor; resistance factor; code calibration; partial safety factors; offshore installations; failure probability; design codes; offshore design.
International Journal of Reliability and Safety, 2015 Vol.9 No.1, pp.51 - 69
Available online: 31 Aug 2015 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article