Title: Incorporating coordination costs into purchasing lot size decisions
Authors: Kai Häkkinen; Outi Kettunen
Addresses: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Tekniikantie 2, Espoo, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT, Finland ' VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Tekniikantie 2, Espoo, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT, Finland
Abstract: This paper proposes an addition to the EOQ model in order to take the coordination costs between the supplier and the customer into account. The coordination costs are part of the transaction costs (TC) and vary significantly from one relationship to another. We have incorporated a 'TC factor' into the EOQ formula to take the coordination costs into account when calculating the purchase order size. We have also conducted a pilot study in one industrial company to test the new updated formula with real data. A key issue from a customer point of view is to determine the TC factor uniquely for each supplier.
Keywords: economic order quantity; EOQ: transaction costs; purchasing management; Wilson formula; coordination costs; procurement; lot size decisions; purchase order size; buyer-supplier relationship.
International Journal of Procurement Management, 2015 Vol.8 No.4, pp.476 - 493
Received: 06 Mar 2014
Accepted: 24 Jun 2014
Published online: 23 Jul 2015 *