Title: Electric vehicle side-slip control via electronic differential

Authors: Chunyun Fu; Reza Hoseinnezhad; Alireza Bab-Hadiashar; Reza N. Jazar

Addresses: State Key Laboratory of Mechanical Transmissions, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China ' School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, RMIT University, Plenty Road, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia ' School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, RMIT University, Plenty Road, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia ' School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, RMIT University, Plenty Road, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia

Abstract: An electronic differential for high-performance electric vehicles with independent driving motors is proposed in this paper. This electronic differential endows the electric vehicle with a close-to-zero vehicle side-slip angle. When vehicle side-slip vanishes, the heading direction of the vehicle coincides with the velocity direction of the mass centre. In addition to the side-slip angle, the yaw rate is driven towards an optimal value with the configuration of the simulated vehicle. The improvements in vehicle side-slip angle and yaw rate responses greatly enhance the stability and handling of the simulated electric vehicle. In this paper, the mathematical relationships between the vehicle dynamic states and the independent motor torques are revealed, based on which the proposed electronic differential controller is designed. Simulation results manifest that in various challenging steering scenarios, the proposed control method outperforms two common electronic differential control schemes in terms of vehicle side-slip angle and yaw rate responses.

Keywords: electric vehicles; electronic differential; side-slip control; vehicle stability; vehicle handling; independent driving motors; yaw rate; simulation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJVAS.2015.070724

International Journal of Vehicle Autonomous Systems, 2015 Vol.13 No.1, pp.1 - 26

Received: 02 Jul 2014
Accepted: 27 Jan 2015

Published online: 21 Jul 2015 *

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