Authors: Indrasen Singh; Vijay Shanker Tripathi; Sudarshan Tiwari
Addresses: Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh 211004, India ' Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh 211004, India ' Department of Electronic and Telecommunication Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Raipur, Chhattisgarh 492010, India
Abstract: In early days breast cancer detection is of crucial importance. Breast cancer is a serious threat worldwide and is the number two killer of women in the USA. Microstrip patch antenna, due to its various advantages i.e. small size, light weight, low profile, and low manufacturing cost, is finding increasing applications in the medical industry. In this paper, we elaborate microstrip patch antenna with technical specification and its application for breast cancer tumour detection. The key to successful management is screening and early detection. What follow is a description of the state of the art in screening and detection for breast cancer as well as a discussion of new and emerging technologies. The only way today to find out for sure if a breast lump or abnormal tissue is cancer is by having a biopsy: a suspicious tissue is removed by a surgical excision or needle biopsy and is examined under a microscope by a pathologist who makes the diagnosis. Imaging techniques of the breast are therefore vital since they will allow early detection of cancer and localisation of the suspicious lesion in the breast for a biopsy procedure.
Keywords: breast cancer tumours; microstrip patch antenna; MRI; magnetic resonance imaging; mammography; cancer detection; tumour detection; cancer screening; early detection; medical imaging.
International Journal of Signal and Imaging Systems Engineering, 2015 Vol.8 No.4, pp.215 - 222
Available online: 10 Jul 2015Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article