Title: A survey of the national innovation system

Authors: Maria Cristina Ortigão Sampaio Schiller

Addresses: Department of Economics, State University of Rio de Janeiro – UERJ and ENCE-IBGE Rua Fonte da Saudade 270 ap 101, Rio de Janeiro, CEP 22250 020, Brazil

Abstract: This study analyses the national innovation system (NIS). Research on NISs addresses the role of institutions, interactive processes of learning and generation of knowledge within enterprises. This study, based on extant NIS literature, identifies competitiveness by evaluating performance of several economic sectors. The empirical study explored aspects of the NIS in Brazil, such as innovating activities, sources of information, cooperation relations and financing sources. Thus, the analysis of the NIS has four focuses: market, knowledge, networks and support services. The results suggest a positive correlation among the sectors with a higher degree of technological intensity and those with a higher degree of innovation. Service activities deemed intensive relative to knowledge show a higher propensity to innovate. Within the companies with selected services, the area of R&D (research and development) shows a higher intensity of innovation and practically all R&D companies establish cooperative arrangements explained by the role of the NIS.

Keywords: national innovation systems; NIS; R&D; Brazil; market; knowledge; networks; support services; technological intensity; research and development.

DOI: 10.1504/GBER.2015.070308

Global Business and Economics Review, 2015 Vol.17 No.3, pp.310 - 329

Published online: 21 May 2015 *

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