Authors: Njeri Mwathi
Addresses: School of Law, Moi University, P.O Box 3900-30100, Eldoret, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya
Abstract: The production and consumption of genetically modified foods has faced public criticism in Africa. Genetically modified foods offer a solution to food insecurity thus African countries are readily producing and/or accepting aid for GM food products. This paper reviews the controversial issues surrounding the production of GM foods such as consumer autonomy and right to know, costs to the consumer, stigmatisation, food security and environmental concerns. A section of this paper also reviews the regulation of GM food products in Kenya, where biosafety laws were recently enacted and whether the regulatory framework adequately addresses these concerns. In addition, there is a discussion on the level and extent of compliance with regulatory standards under international law.
Keywords: genetically modified food; GM foods; genetically modified organisms; GMOs; Kenya; food security; GM labelling; food labelling; consumer information; consumer autonomy; GM regulation; food regulation; biosafety laws; compliance; regulatory standards; international law.
International Journal of Human Rights and Constitutional Studies, 2015 Vol.3 No.1, pp.31 - 45
Received: 28 Jan 2015
Accepted: 29 Jan 2015
Published online: 05 May 2015 *