Title: Emissions and performance of blended fuels using experimental study

Authors: D.R. Prajapati; Gurpreet Singh Sudan

Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, PEC University of Technology (formerly Punjab Engineering College), Chandigarh 160012, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mahant Bachittar Singh College of Engineering and Technology, Babliana, Jammu (J&K), 181101, India

Abstract: The demand for transport fuel has been increasing and expectations are that this trend will remain unchanged for the coming decades. Variations in the emissions the of carbon dioxide (CO2) carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbons (HCs) have been computed for various blends of soyabean and mustard oils with petrol at different engine loads in computerised variable compression ratio multi-fuel (CVCRM) engine test rig. It is concluded that out of the two mustard oil blends, 20-PRM shows the lowest carbon monoxide (CO) emissions (in percentage) at all the engine loads i.e., 2.5 kg, 5 kg and 7.5 kg, where as the blend of 20-PRM shows almost zero carbon monoxide (CO) emissions at the load of 7.5 kg. The emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) decreases on increasing the engine load for the blend of 15-PRS while it increases on increasing the engine load for other fuels.

Keywords: carbon dioxide; CO2; carbon emissions; carbon monoxide; hydrocarbons; biofuels; CVCRM engine test rig; engine loads; fuel performance; blended fuels; soyabeans; mustard oils; variable compression ratio; engine performance; vehicle performance.

DOI: 10.1504/IJVP.2014.069114

International Journal of Vehicle Performance, 2014 Vol.1 No.3/4, pp.326 - 347

Received: 12 Jul 2013
Accepted: 24 Mar 2014

Published online: 28 Apr 2015 *

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