Title: Numerical analysis of flow around porous rectangular cylinders with uniform injection or suction

Authors: Burhan Cuhadaroglu; Osman Turan

Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Karadeniz Technical University, TR 61080 Trabzon, Turkey ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Karadeniz Technical University, TR 61080 Trabzon, Turkey

Abstract: The flow around rectangular cylinders of various aspect ratios of B/H = 2, 3 and 4 with uniform injection or suction through the rear and top/bottom surfaces has been studied numerically at a Reynolds number Re = 21,400. The effects of injection or suction through the cylinder surfaces have been linked to the analysis via the wall functions of the viscous sub-layer and log-law layer. The injection or suction has been characterised by an injection coefficient CQ = vw/u, which takes negative values for suction. The governing equations, which are a combination of the ensemble-averaged Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible flow in conjunction with the equations of a modified k-ε turbulence model, have been solved by the finite volume method. A non-uniform staggered grid arrangement has been used to economise on computing time. The results show that the vortex structure in the wake is influenced primarily by suction through the top and bottom surfaces of the rectangular cylinders. In addition, the parameters taken into account such as drag coefficient and Strouhal number are also affected by the injection coefficient as well as the injection/suction surfaces of the rectangular cylinders.

Keywords: injection; suction; porous rectangular cylinders; drag coefficient; Strouhal number; vortex shedding; incompressible flow; turbulence modelling; finite volume method; FVM.

DOI: 10.1504/PCFD.2015.068794

Progress in Computational Fluid Dynamics, An International Journal, 2015 Vol.15 No.2, pp.123 - 134

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 13 Apr 2015 *

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