Title: A parallel spatio-temporal model for emergency evacuation simulation

Authors: Bo Yang; Bo Ren

Addresses: College of Computer Science, South-central University for Nationalities, No. 182 Mingyuan Road, Hongshan District, Wuhan 430074, China ' Digital Engineering and Simulation Centre, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, No. 1037 Luoyu Road, Hongshan District, Wuhan 430074, China

Abstract: The research provides a new way to simulate emergency evacuation in a large-scale environment based on multi-resolution modelling (MRM). The authors provide a parallel spatio-temporal model to synchronise and control two kinds of resolution models: the micro model based on multi-agent system (MAS) and particle swarm optimisation (PSO) algorithm, and the macro model based on a fluid dynamics model. With this approach, it is possible to apply distributed simulation to a large-scale emergency evacuation, while the individual behaviours at specific locations can be also presented.

Keywords: parallel spatio-temporal models; emergency evacuation; evacuation simulation; multi-resolution modelling; MRM; synchronisation; emergency management; multi-agent systems; MAS; agent-based systems; particle swarm optimisation; PSO; fluid dynamics.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSPM.2015.068516

International Journal of Simulation and Process Modelling, 2015 Vol.10 No.1, pp.10 - 18

Accepted: 29 Sep 2014
Published online: 26 Mar 2015 *

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