Title: Cortical bone thickness and bone mass density in L2 vertebra, a comparison study with L3 and L4 measurements
Authors: K. Magalhães; L.M.S. Barreira; E.M.M. Fonseca; A.I. Pereira
Addresses: Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Campus de Sta. Apolónia, 5301-857 Bragança, Portugal ' Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Campus de Sta. Apolónia, 5301-857 Bragança, Portugal ' LAETA-IDMEC Research Centre, University of Porto, 4099-002 Porto, Portugal ' Algoritmi Research Centre, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
Abstract: The main goal of this study is to acquire values in spinal vertebrae, related with the cortical bone thickness, the body mass density and T-score in L2 vertebra. The study presents clinic results of sixteen women from the northwest of Portugal. For this study, a digital methodology using computed tomography and an experimental methodology with the rapid prototyping will be used for each vertebra in analysis. Discussions of results regarding the measuring of the cortical bone thickness, the body mass density, and T-score values in L2 are presented and compared with all values obtained in L3 and L4 vertebrae.
Keywords: cortical bone thickness; bone mineral density; BMD; T-score; L2 vertebra; L3 vertebra; L4 vertebra; spinal vertebrae; women; females; computed tomography; rapid prototyping.
International Journal of Medical Engineering and Informatics, 2015 Vol.7 No.2, pp.156 - 166
Received: 15 Jan 2014
Accepted: 17 Jul 2014
Published online: 04 Apr 2015 *