Title: Specificity and processing rate enhancement of Mycobacterium tuberculosis diagnostic procedure using antibody-coupled magnetic nanoparticles

Authors: Yen Pham; Anh T.V. Nguyen; Tuan-Nghia Phan; Luan L. Chu; Dao Q. Nguyen; Hieu M. Nguyen; Nguyen Hoang Nam; Nguyen Hoang Luong

Addresses: Key Laboratory of Enzyme and Protein Technology, VNU University of Science, 334 Nguyen Trai, Hanoi, Vietnam ' Key Laboratory of Enzyme and Protein Technology, VNU University of Science, 334 Nguyen Trai, Hanoi, Vietnam ' Faculty of Biology, VNU University of Science, 334 Nguyen Trai, Hanoi, Vietnam; Key Laboratory of Enzyme and Protein Technology, VNU University of Science, 334 Nguyen Trai, Hanoi, Vietnam ' Faculty of Biology, VNU University of Science, 334 Nguyen Trai, Hanoi, Vietnam ' Faculty of Biology, VNU University of Science, 334 Nguyen Trai, Hanoi, Vietnam ' Center for Materials Science, VNU University of Science, 334 Nguyen Trai, Hanoi, Vietnam ' Center for Materials Science, VNU University of Science, 334 Nguyen Trai, Hanoi, Vietnam ' Nano and Energy Center, VNU University of Science, 334 Nguyen Trai, Hanoi, Vietnam; Center for Materials Science, VNU University of Science, 334 Nguyen Trai, Hanoi, Vietnam

Abstract: Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is the immediate cause of one of the most dangerous lung diseases that threaten developing countries, where the number of patients diagnosed with multi-drug resistant (MDR) strains is increasing significantly. In this study, we have developed a new diagnostic procedure using magnetic nanoparticles functionalised with amino group (NP-NH2) to couple with anti-MTB antibody for a more specific PCR-based detection method. The results show that the NP-NH2-antibody complex generated through 1-ethyl-3-[3-dimethylaminopropyl] carbodiimide (EDC) coupling allows rapid and specific detection of Mycobacterium bovis from the BCG vaccine which possesses the signature IS6110 sequence widely used in MTB diagnosis. Furthermore, this complex is stable and provides reproducible detection for at least 4 weeks when stored in phosphate-buffered saline solution with Tween, bovine serum albumin (BSA) and sodium azide (PBS-TBN) at 4ºC. As a result, the required time for the whole procedure to prepare samples for PCR could be completed within an hour owing to the elimination of the DNA purification step. We have tested this method on sputum samples collected from Vietnam Hospital 103 thus proving its validity. Further experiments are underway to employ the magnetic feature of the NP-NH2-antibody complex to develop an automated kit facilitating high throughput screening and reducing contamination risk.

Keywords: magnetic nanoparticles; EDC coupling; anti-MTB; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; MTB diagnosis; nanotechnology; specificity; processing rate; antibodies; lung diseases; multi-drug resistance; MDR strains; DNA purification; screening throughput; contamination risk; TB diagnosis.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNT.2015.067892

International Journal of Nanotechnology, 2015 Vol.12 No.5/6/7, pp.335 - 346

Available online: 03 Mar 2015 *

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