Title: Sacrilisation of secular pilgrimages as archetypal transformational journeys: advancing theory through emic and etic interpretations
Authors: Stephen Lloyd
Addresses: Business School, AUT University, Private Bag 92006, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
Abstract: This paper advances pilgrimage tourism theory, particularly religious/secular and sacred/profane dimensions. Documenting the case of the Bach Cantata Pilgrimage, this study examines relationships to Jungian archetypal journeys. Case analysis of the Pilgrimage employs emic and etic interpretation. Results suggest that the experience has sacred dimensions when pilgrimage activities align with participants' core values. The study identifies spiritual dimensions of secular pilgrimage as expressions of an archetypal journey, and points to opportunities to communicate the pilgrimage experience's authenticity, virtually, through digital communications. A further contribution is demonstrating the usefulness of emic and etic interpretations in identifying motivations to participate in secular pilgrimage.
Keywords: pilgrimage tourism; Jung; archetypal journeys; sacralisation; tourism anthropology; secular pilgrimages; emic interpretations; etic interpretations; participant core values; digital communications; tourist motivation.
International Journal of Tourism Anthropology, 2015 Vol.4 No.1, pp.25 - 45
Received: 18 Jan 2014
Accepted: 17 Jun 2014
Published online: 17 Feb 2015 *