Title: Competitive strategies and company performance of Taiwanese firms

Authors: Kamal M. Haddad; Anne Wu; John R. Wingender Jr.

Addresses: College of Business Administration, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182-8236, USA ' National Chengchi University, No. 64, Sec.2, ZhiNan Road, Taipei City 11605, Taiwan ' Department of Economics and Finance, Heider College of Business, Creighton University, 2500 California Plaza, Omaha, NE 68178, USA

Abstract: Competitive strategy is an important determinant of firm survival and success. The strategy that a firm employs reflects the specific competitive methods that its managers emphasise as well as the broad pattern showing how these methods are combined for use in the firm. In an extensive study of companies from the USA and Japan, Kotha et al. (1995) found that US and Japanese companies use different competitive strategies to achieve their success. Since both of these countries have extensive economic dealings with Taiwan, and both are leading economic powers, it seems likely that many Taiwanese companies would emulate their' competitive strategies. This paper investigates the competitive strategy parameters of a large sample of Taiwanese companies, matched to Kotha et al.'s sample firms in being distributed across a wide range of industries. It finds that a majority of these companies emulate the US companies' strategies, though there also are many that emulate the Japanese. Many do not follow either model, but instead carve out a niche for themselves by developing what might be called unique Taiwanese strategies. An analysis of variance indicates that of the sample firms, those that follow a more Eastern directive (Japanese or Taiwanese) have better performance as defined by growth rate of sales and employee morale, job satisfaction and commitment.

Keywords: competitive strategies; performance benefits; factor analysis; Taiwan; firm survival; firm success; ANOVA; analysis of variance; firm performance; sales growth; employee morale; job satisfaction; employee commitment.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEBR.2015.067364

International Journal of Economics and Business Research, 2015 Vol.9 No.2, pp.170 - 185

Published online: 07 Feb 2015 *

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