Authors: Naser Zaeri
Addresses: Faculty of Computer Studies, Arab Open University, P.O. Box 3322, Safat 13033, Kuwait
Abstract: Most of the current algorithms for face recognition do not consider images of low resolution that commonly exist in real life applications. In this paper, we address this issue and propose an efficient solution for face recognition for systems that deal with such images and utilise limited storage. The new method transforms the input data into a different form that identifies the face image database structure, for which certain data can be dropped (or compressed) without the fear of performance deterioration. It implements a lossy compression scheme on the discriminant Fourier phases of the face image components. A thorough study and comprehensive experiments relating to time consumption and computational complexity versus system performance are applied to benchmark face image databases. It will be shown that the proposed method offers exceptional performance and, at the same time, achieves substantial savings in computational time when compared to other known methods. The experimental results reveal that a recognition rate higher than 98% is achieved at a compression ratio of 1.78, with training time less than four minutes for a database consisting of 2,360 images.
Keywords: face recognition; low resolution; compression ratio; lossy compression; discriminant Fourier phases; facial image components.
International Journal of Biometrics, 2014 Vol.6 No.4, pp.387 - 413
Accepted: 27 Oct 2014
Published online: 27 Jan 2015 *