Title: The role of universities in shaping regional agglomeration: case studies in the Australian setting

Authors: Chrys Gunasekara

Addresses: Queensland University of Technology, School of Management, GPO Box 2434, Brisbane, Queensland 4001, Australia

Abstract: Agglomeration is a core characteristic of regional innovation systems. This study explores the role of universities in fostering regional agglomeration, with reference to the Australian context. Drawing on the triple helix model of university–industry–government relations and the literature on university engagement, the study considers generative and developmental roles that universities perform in fostering agglomeration in proximate regional spaces and possible explanations of variation in the roles performed by three universities located in different regional settings. The study found that universities perform a largely developmental role with limited evidence of a generative role in animating regional systems. Variation in the roles performed by the universities studied is explained by a number of factors, including the orientation of university managers to regional engagement, the history of university–region linkages, the nature of regional industry bases, the complementarity of expertise between the university and the regional industry base, the role of champions and political and economic factors.

Keywords: regional agglomeration; regional innovation systems; triple helix; universities; university engagement; higher education; Australia; university–industry–government relationship; university–region linkages; technology transfer; entrepreneurship; regional economic development.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTTC.2005.006703

International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, 2005 Vol.4 No.4, pp.525 - 539

Published online: 01 Apr 2005 *

Full-text access for editors Full-text access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article