Title: A new WiFi microstrip antenna designed by differential evolution

Authors: Sanyou Zeng; Yuhong Jiang; Zhu Liu; Yong Wu; Dayue Guo; Lunan Qiao; Zhiqun Liu

Addresses: School of Computer Science, China University of Geosciences, China ' School of Computer Science, China University of Geosciences, China ' School of Computer Science, China University of Geosciences, China ' School of Computer Science, China University of Geosciences, China ' School of Computer Science, China University of Geosciences, China ' School of Computer Science, China University of Geosciences, China ' School of Computer Science, China University of Geosciences, China

Abstract: This paper presents a new WiFi microstrip antenna in 2.4 GHz band by using the differential evolution (DE). The antenna is small with less than a quarter-wavelength. The geometric structure is formed by a square patch grounded with a substrate and cut by two adjacent rectangles from an edge, and a microstrip feed line printed on the other side of the grounded substrate. The structure is parameterised as a solution vector, and the requirements of the antenna are coded as objective and constraints. Then a constrained optimisation problem is formulated. Some optimised antennas are found, which meet the requirements in the simulation. Prototypes of an optimised antenna within a size of 25 × 25 × 1.6 mm³ are fabricated. The measured performance matches the simulated one as a whole. One antenna was mounted to a wireless router and another one to a personal computer for indoor use. And we found they worked well. The fabricated antenna can be applied in the space limited within 25 × 25 × 1.6 mm³.

Keywords: WiFi antenna; microstrip antenna; constrained optimisation; differential evolution; wireless routers; antenna design; simulation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJWMC.2015.066757

International Journal of Wireless and Mobile Computing, 2015 Vol.8 No.1, pp.45 - 50

Available online: 02 Jan 2015 *

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