Authors: Daniel Boari Coelho; Marcos Duarte
Addresses: Human Motor Systems Laboratory, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, Av. Prof. Mello Moraes, 65, São Paulo, SP. 05508-030, Brazil ' Biomedical Engineering, Federal University of ABC, Brazil Office 608-1, Block A, Santo André, Brazil
Abstract: The way humans control the balance in the upright posture is not yet fully understood and complications due to deficiency in the postural control are of relevant concern. In order to achieve an early diagnosis on disorders affecting human postural control, the theoretical modelling coupled with computer simulation emerges as an option used by researchers. Looking for a model for a greater understanding of human postural control system, this paper presents a new computational model dedicated to the study of human upright posture, with the presentation of a model of muscle-tendon actuator. The way in which the subsystems of human control, such as the dynamic muscle, neural control, visual, vestibular and somatosensory contribute to the stable posture was also focused. This model simulate the responses of fluctuations in the centre of mass and centre of pressure and offers the possibility of measuring neural activation, decomposition of reactive torque and participation of each set of muscle groups to maintain posture. It reproduces, in a model of feedback, the existing cross-correlation between experimentally observed and the neural signal and the centre of pressure.
Keywords: ankle strategy; inverted pendulum; sensory systems; human posture; postural control; standing posture; muscle-tendon actuators; balance control; upright posture; modelling; neural activation; reactive torque.
International Journal of Experimental and Computational Biomechanics, 2014 Vol.2 No.4, pp.343 - 358
Available online: 28 Nov 2014 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article