Title: Assessment of rheological models for prediction of transport phenomena in stenosed artery

Authors: Arindam Bit; Himadri Chattopadhyay

Addresses: Department of Biomedical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Raipur 492010, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering; School of Bioscience and Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, India

Abstract: Hemodynamic transport in the stenosed blood vessel has been numerically investigated with five non-Newtonian rheological models. The results from Casson viscosity model, Carreau model, Cross model, power law viscosity model, and Quemada viscosity model as well as Newtonian model were compared to capture the physics at the arterial wall. At the inlet of a long artery, three different pulsating profiles are considered. Detailed flow statistics of the flow field were calculated by solving transient form of Navier-Stokes equation in an axi-symmetric domain. From the simulation data, wall shear stress and oscillatory shear index were calculated. The results show that among different rheological models, the predictions from Carreau model as well as Newtonian model differ significantly with other four models showing similar behaviour. The results demonstrate that the degree of stenoses have a significant effect on oscillatory shear index and recirculation length.

Keywords: stenoses; oscillatory shear index; OSI; non-Newtonian fluids; wall shear stress; WSS; hemodynamics; recirculation length; rheological models; transport phenomena; stenosed arteries; rheology; hemodynamic transport; stenosed blood vessels; viscosity modelling; pulsating profiles; simulation; pulsatile flow; blood flow; cardiovascular diseases; heart diseases; atherosclerosis.

DOI: 10.1504/PCFD.2014.065468

Progress in Computational Fluid Dynamics, An International Journal, 2014 Vol.14 No.6, pp.363 - 374

Published online: 25 Nov 2014 *

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