Title: How do investors' subscription rate and pattern affect underpricing? An empirical investigation for Indian IPOs
Authors: Seshadev Sahoo
Addresses: Finance and Accounting Area, Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Lucknow, Room No. 213, Chintan Block, IIM Campus, Lucknow (UP), 226013, India
Abstract: This study investigates subscription rates across institutional and non-institutional retail investors for 149 initial public offerings listed in Indian stock market. We document a positive relationship between underpricing and subscription rate of all investor groups. We also find a significant shift in response pattern across institutional and non-institutional retail investors towards underpriced and overpriced IPOs. Our result supports the information asymmetry argument, suggesting that informed investors (institutional investors) are heavily subscribing for underpriced IPOs and shy away from overpriced issues. Cross-sectional regression results indicate that institutional investors' subscription rate is statistically significant (and positive) while evaluating retail investors' response rate. This evidence strongly suggests that retail investors sequentially learn from more sophisticated and informed (institutional) investors while applying for IPOs. Further, it is found that non-institutional retail investors heavily subscribe for IPOs from mature firms having long operational history. Empirical results confirm that larger offers and IPOs having more post issue promoter group retention are more underpriced.
Keywords: underpricing; institutional investors; non-institutional investors; retail investors; offer size; initial return; age; ex-ante; post issue promoter group holding; India; IPOs; initial public offerings; overpricing; information asymmetry.
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting, 2014 Vol.4 No.3, pp.367 - 386
Received: 26 Oct 2013
Accepted: 14 May 2014
Published online: 01 Aug 2014 *