Title: Evaluating the association between financial stakeholder pressure and stakeholder integration: a study of palm oil companies

Authors: Waled Najib Moqbel; Azlan Amran; Mehran Nejati

Addresses: Graduate School of Business, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden Heights 11800, Penang, Malaysia ' Graduate School of Business, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden Heights 11800, Penang, Malaysia ' Graduate School of Business, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden Heights 11800, Penang, Malaysia

Abstract: Stakeholder theory portrays the responsibility of a business towards its stakeholders. This paper studies the association between the pressure of financial stakeholder of palm oil companies and the stakeholder integration on the basis of stakeholder theory. For this study, 80 companies were selected from the roundtable on sustainable palm oil (RSPO), in order to help understand the factors affecting the level of stakeholder integration. The role of creditors in affecting the level of stakeholder integration was found to be weak. The study also revealed that shareholders may have the power to influence the management, particularly when shares are widely dispersed among shareholders. Moreover, company size was found to be positively associated with stakeholder integration.

Keywords: stakeholder integration; financial stakeholders; stakeholder theory; performance; palm oil companies; stakeholder pressure; sustainable palm oil.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBG.2014.064135

International Journal of Business and Globalisation, 2014 Vol.13 No.2, pp.209 - 224

Published online: 02 Aug 2014 *

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