Title: Gender, family business background and entrepreneurial intentions in an emerging economy

Authors: R. Venkatapathy; P. Pretheeba

Addresses: Bharathiar School of Management and Entrepreneur Development, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore - 641 046, India ' Bharathiar School of Management and Entrepreneur Development, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore - 641 046, India

Abstract: The present study initiates a detailed empirical investigation on entrepreneurial intention among university postgraduate students from different domain of specialty in India. The study employs theory of planned behaviour (TPB) in which intentions are regarded as resulting from attitudes, perceived behavioural control and subjective norms. The sample size for the study is 176 comprising of 92 males and 84 females, who were selected by employing a stratified random sampling method. The results of the study reveal that there is a low, but statistically significant, correlation between a family business background and the intention to start a new business in India. Moreover, the attitude toward entrepreneurship, subjective norms, and perceived behavioural control are positively and significantly correlated with entrepreneurial intention. The 2 × 3 ANOVA (gender × domain of specialty - science, humanities and technical) reveals domain of specialty do not have significant effect on postgraduate students' entrepreneurial intention despite the fact that gender has significant effect on entrepreneurial intention.

Keywords: entrepreneurial intention; emerging economies; gender; family background; business background; postgraduate students; theory of planned behaviour; TPB; entrepreneurship; India; perceived behavioural control; subjective norms; business startups.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBEM.2014.063890

International Journal of Business and Emerging Markets, 2014 Vol.6 No.3, pp.217 - 229

Available online: 24 Jul 2014 *

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