Title: The science park phenomenon: development, evolution and typology

Authors: Yuehua Zhang

Addresses: Department of Marketing and International Management, Waikato Management School, The University of Waikato, Private Bag 3105, Hamilton, New Zealand

Abstract: The world has seen an increasing number of science parks since the 1980s, but still lacks systematised accumulated knowledge about science parks. The current study probes the terms and definitions of science park schemes, and analyses the half-a-century development and evaluation of the science park phenomenon. It exposes the increasing functions that science parks have been expected to perform due to the change of major promoters from being universities to governments. It also depicts science park typology, namely park/campus style, centre/incubator style and city/region style. Findings concerned are helpful for science park developers and managers, particularly latecomers.

Keywords: industrial clusters; innovation centres; science parks; technology parks; technology incubators; technopole; technopolis.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEIM.2005.006341

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 2005 Vol.5 No.1/2, pp.138 - 154

Available online: 22 Feb 2005 *

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