Title: Analysis of the potential for implementing clean development mechanism projects through clean energy policy for the energy and transportation sectors of Thailand
Authors: Aweewan Mangmeechai
Addresses: International College, National Institute of Development Administration, Bangkok 10240, Thailand
Abstract: Thailand ratified the Kyoto Protocol in August 2002 but holds no legally binding target to reduce or limit its GHG emissions during the first commitment period. As a non-Annex I country, Thailand, however, can involve itself in the carbon trading market through the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). This research evaluates the carbon footprints and related costs of alternative technologies in the electricity generation sector (i.e. natural gas, solar energy, and nuclear power) and transportation sector (i.e. bioethanol) as potential clean energy sources. The carbon footprint and cost of each alternative technology were then compared with those of the status quo to identify the pros and cons of each technology option. The resulting data can be used by government officials and policy makers to make informed decisions on the future implementation of CDM technology options.
Keywords: clean energy policy; CDM projects; Clean Development Mechanism; carbon credit; life cycle greenhouse gases; GHG emissions; policy analysis; energy industry; transport industry; Thailand; carbon footprint; carbon emissions; CO2; carbon dioxide; electricity generation; natural gas; solar energy; solar power; nuclear power; nuclear energy; bioethanol; biofuels.
International Journal of Technology, Policy and Management, 2014 Vol.14 No.3, pp.220 - 231
Received: 04 May 2013
Accepted: 11 Nov 2013
Published online: 28 Oct 2014 *