Title: An energy and environmentally sound urban transport system: the case of Singapore

Authors: B.W. Ang

Addresses: Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore

Abstract: Traffic congestion, inefficient use of transport fuels and vehicular emissions are problems that many cities in the developing countries are now facing. These problems are interrelated because vehicle fuel consumption and emissions are closely related to vehicle travel speed. To provide an efficient and environmentally sound transport system has increasingly become a prerequisite for quality urban life. The first part of this paper looks into the underlying causes of traffic congestion and its impacts on transport energy use and the environment with particular reference to the urban areas of developing countries. The second part describes the strategies that Singapore has adopted over the past two decades to tackle these problems. The rationale and the effectiveness of the implemented measures are also discussed.

Keywords: air pollution; air quality; energy efficiency; traffic congestion; transport energy; vehicle emissions; Singapore; urban transport systems; environmental pollution.

DOI: 10.1504/IJVD.1993.061846

International Journal of Vehicle Design, 1993 Vol.14 No.5/6, pp.431 - 444

Available online: 28 May 2014 *

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