Authors: María Cecilia Roa-García; Sandra Brown; Les M. Lavkulich
Addresses: Fundación Evaristo García, Apartado Aéreo 4443 Cali, Colombia ' Faculty of Land & Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Rm 156C MacMillan Building, 2357 Main Mall, Vancouver V6T 1Z4, Canada ' Faculty of Land & Food Systems, University of British Columbia; Institute for Resources, Environment & Sustainability, University of British Columbia, Rm 127 MacMillan Building, 2357 Main Mall, Vancouver V6T 1Z4, Canada
Abstract: In the Andean region water for human activities is commonly extracted from small streams. When water is abundant, equity considerations in water allocation arrangements are not apparent; but when streams approach closure, a closer look at water distribution and use are necessary to diagnose and address allocation concerns. This paper presents a case study in the Colombian Andes where water during periods of scarcity is not equitably distributed, disproportionally impacting rural users that depend on agricultural activities for their livelihoods. Although concessions do not allocate water on a first come first served basis, the distribution system favours urban over rural users. It is argued that allocation of water should be based on reliable information regarding water availability, the physical infrastructure for storage and distribution, and the water use requirements of different land use activities.
Keywords: stream closure; water allocation; rural water use; unequal access; Colombian Andes; Colombia; water scarcity; streams; agriculture; land use activities; rural areas.
International Journal of Water, 2014 Vol.8 No.2, pp.128 - 148
Received: 03 Sep 2012
Accepted: 23 Nov 2012
Published online: 23 May 2014 *