Title: A computer-based system for dyeing leather patch edges

Authors: Y. Volpe; R. Furferi; L. Governi

Addresses: Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Florence, via S. Marta, 50139 Firenze, Italy ' Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Florence, via S. Marta, 50139 Firenze, Italy ' Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Florence, via S. Marta, 50139 Firenze, Italy

Abstract: The visual appearance of seamless dyed edges of luxury leather goods represents a key issue in terms of quality grading since a high-quality leather has to be characterised by homogeneously coloured and shaped edges with uniform ink thickness. Despite a huge literature produced by scientific and technical community to automate many leather manufacturing processes, since leather patches are often characterised by a free-form shape, any attempt of automating leather edges dyeing produced unsatisfactory and inaccurate results. In order to overcome the drawbacks of the existing approaches, the main objective of the present work is to provide a computer-based system for automatically dyeing leather patches edges. The described system includes: 1) a machine vision (MV) hardware equipment, consisting of both illumination and a high resolution acquisition device, devoted to patches edge detection; 2) a pantograph whose dyeing tool is moved along leather edges; 3) a series of computer-based methods for the automatic extraction of the leather patches outlines. Extensive testing performed using the developed machine demonstrated its effectiveness in delivering fast, automatic and high quality edge finishing in a reliable and repeatable way.

Keywords: leather dyeing; machine vision; process automation; leather patch edges; seamless dyed edges; luxury leather goods; leather patches; pantograph; edge finishing.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCAET.2014.060296

International Journal of Computer Aided Engineering and Technology, 2014 Vol.6 No.2, pp.139 - 158

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 09 Apr 2014 *

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