Title: Technology transfer in transitional economies: the case of Mexico

Authors: Nora Cristina Holguin-Pando; Stuart J. Smyth; Peter W.B. Phillips

Addresses: Office of Applied Research and Innovation, Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Science and Technology, SIAST Administrative Offices, 400-119 4th Ave. South, Saskatoon SK S7K 5X2, Saskatchewan, Canada ' Department of Bioresource Policy, Business and Economics, University of Saskatchewan, 51 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5A8, Canada ' Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Saskatchewan, 101 Diefenbaker Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5B8, Canada

Abstract: While land, labour and capital have been the drivers of industrial economies, it is posited that knowledge creation and mobilisation are the drivers of 21st century industrial economies. Developing countries that are in the process of transitioning to developed countries are struggling through the transition period. A variety of theories and a range of speculations have been offered as to why some countries are more innovative than others, however little of this literature examines the theoretical applicability of innovation theory based on industrial countries to developing countries. This article reviews Mexico's national system of innovation by contrasting the 2001-2006 science and technology development policy with the linear model of innovation.

Keywords: economic growth; innovation systems; Latin America; research and development; R&D; technology transfer; transitional economies; Mexico; national system of innovation; science and technology; S&T development policy.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTPM.2014.060144

International Journal of Technology, Policy and Management, 2014 Vol.14 No.2, pp.111 - 132

Received: 01 Oct 2012
Accepted: 18 Apr 2013

Published online: 27 Oct 2014 *

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