Authors: Alireza Pazooki; Subhash Rakheja; Dongpu Cao
Addresses: CANCAVE Research Center, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal H3H 1M8, Canada ' CANCAVE Research Center, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal H3H 1M8, Canada; School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, 510240 China ' Department of Engineering, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YW, UK
Abstract: Owing to their high mass centre, relatively soft tyres, extreme variations in the load and load distributions during work cycles and greater flexibility of the steering system, the articulated steer vehicles (ASV) exhibit lower directional stability limits compared to vehicles with conventional steering. In this study, a kineto-dynamic model of the frame steering mechanism is formulated in conjunction with a nonlinear yaw-plane model of an articulated dump-truck. The validity of the model is demonstrated based on the available measured data. The proposed model is initially analysed to derive response characteristics of the steering system in terms of articulation angle, valve opening, strut orientations and deflections, fluid pressures and resultant strut forces and torque. The influences of variations in selected operating and design parameters on the steering system responses are investigated under a steady-turning and pulse steering inputs. The results provide important design guidelines with regard to kinematic and dynamic parameters of the steering mechanism and show that the lateral stability of the ASV is strongly influenced by the effective damping of the steering mechanism which is determined by kineto-dynamic characteristics of the articulated steering system including leakage flows across the struts piston, valve flow characteristics and struts orientations.
Keywords: ASVs; articulated steer vehicles; frame steering mechanism; kinetodynamic modelling; directional stability; model validation; design guidance; vehicle design; kinetodynamics; nonlinear yaw-plane model; articulated dump trucks; steering response.
International Journal of Vehicle Design, 2014 Vol.65 No.1, pp.1 - 30
Received: 03 Jun 2012
Accepted: 22 Oct 2012
Published online: 26 Feb 2014 *