Title: Industry-level exchange risk exposure of US multinationals: evidence from the Mexican and Asian financial crises
Authors: Sunghee Choi
Addresses: Department of International Commerce, Keimyung University, 2800 Dalgubbeoldaero, Daegu, South Korea
Abstract: This paper examines the industry-level exchange risk exposure of US multinationals during the 1994 Mexican Peso crisis and the 1997 Asian crisis. To do so, this paper constructs two individual data sets: the Asian data set containing US firms with Asian operations for the Asian crisis and the Mexican data set of the firms with Mexican operations for the Mexican crisis. It is found that industry-level exchange exposure of both data sets tends to be more significantly estimated during the crises rather than before the crises. In addition, regarding exchange rate changes type, the exposures of the Asian data set tend to be more significantly estimated with the simple exchange rate changes based on the random-walk assumption whereas the exposures of the Mexican data set tend to be more significantly estimated with the GARCH(1,1)-processed standard deviations of exchange rate.
Keywords: exchange risk exposure; multinational corporations; US MNCs; Mexican financial crisis; Asian financial crisis; GARCH; United States; USA; Mexico; exchange rate.
International Journal of Monetary Economics and Finance, 2013 Vol.6 No.4, pp.309 - 324
Received: 30 Mar 2013
Accepted: 02 Dec 2013
Published online: 21 Mar 2014 *