Title: Multinational technology and intellectual property management - is there global convergence and/or specialisation?
Authors: Ove Granstrand; Marcus Holgersson
Addresses: Industrial Management and Economics Research Group, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96, Gothenburg, Sweden ' Industrial Management and Economics Research Group, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96, Gothenburg, Sweden
Abstract: This paper gives various indications of market and technology diversification as well as of global market and technology convergence (rather than specialisation) in the context of management, legal and economic convergence. The results show that different countries focus on a wider but increasingly similar set of markets for R&D outputs in the form of patents, which implies increasing intra-national market diversification and inter-national market convergence. The results also show that different countries focus on a wider but (to some extent) increasingly similar set of technologies that are patented, which implies increasing intra-national technology diversification and inter-national technology convergence. In addition, intellectual property (IP) legal convergence takes place as newly industrialised countries (NICs) have strengthened their IP regimes in compliance with TRIPS and subsequently do so in the context of their indigenous innovation policies. Asian NICs have significantly increased their international patenting and supply of patented inventions. Altogether, this puts new demands across countries on multinational technology and innovation management skills, and in particular multinational IP management skills.
Keywords: revealed technological advantage; RTA; market specialisation; patent statistics; technology convergence; market convergence; revealed market advantage; RMA; technological specialisation; technological diversification; technology management; internationalisation; intellectual property management; IPM; market diversification; R&D outputs; research and development; multinational technology; innovation management.
International Journal of Technology Management, 2014 Vol.64 No.2/3/4, pp.117 - 147
Accepted: 23 Oct 2012
Published online: 19 Mar 2014 *